Henri-Michel Yéré: Citizenship, Nationality and History in Côte d’Ivoire, 1929-1999
PhD-thesis, Department of History, 2010
The PhD thesis sought to understand the different ways in which the notion of belonging to the Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) has been articulated in the course of the country’s history. Starting at the time of the emergence of the first associations of originaires in the late 1920s, the thesis brings to the fore the fact that what had been thus far regarded as the earliest manifestations of an “Ivorian nationalism” must be read as the articulation of specific interests emanating from educated elite seeking to compete against Africans from outside the Ivory Coast Colony, Africans (notably Dahomeyans and Senegalese) whom they perceived as privileged by the colonial administration. My work also analyses the emergence of competing discourses on nationality and citizenship from the time of Independence in 1960 right up to the emergence of Ivoirité in the 1990s. This exploration ends in 1999, when a coup d’Etat ousted the Parti Démocratique de Côte d’Ivoire (PDCI) from power, after having run the country for 42 years uninterrupted.
The PhD thesis was successfully defended on 26th August 2010.