Stefan Dongus: Urban agriculture and operational larval control of malaria vector mosquitoes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

PhD-thesis within the framework of the NCCR North-South, Swiss Tropical Insitute, University of Basel (2009)

Urban agriculture is common in Dar es Salaam: It supports livelihoods, improves food security and has positive impacts on urban ecology. Though transmission rates are lower in the city, urban malaria represents a challenge. Malaria in urban settings is assumed to be closely linked to urban agriculture, but there is so far no proof that this practice increases malaria transmission and prevalence in cities. This research aims at investigating, through a geographical approach, potential correlations between urban agriculture and malaria risk in Dar es Salaam. To do this the theoretical framework of hazard, resilience, vulnerability and risk is applied in a transdisciplinary and participatory manner. The study nicely shows that “urban agriculture in malaria-affected regions may therefore represent a conflict of interests between various stakeholders in urban development. On the one hand, urban farmers receive support from international, national and local institutions to provide healthy food, maintain green areas and generate income. On the other hand, the public health sector has a rather skeptical attitude towards urban agriculture”. The mentioned conflict should be addressed in order to harmonize policies and regulations.